Speak English clearly and be understood!

Word stress (or syllable stress) is important because syllables in English words are not all equal! This video lesson will show you how to recognise and practice word stress (or syllable stress) correctly.


Video Transcript

Hello! I’m Emma from mmmEnglish and in this lesson, we’re focusing on your pronunciation. Specifically, syllable stress which is very important.

It’s the difference between present (noun) and present (verb)! Hear the difference?

These two words look exactly the same, but they are pronounced differently.

And that’s all because of syllable stress!

First thing! What’s a syllable?

A syllable is a part of an English word and it’s created by a vowel sound.

Take the example from before, present. It has two vowel sounds in it /e/ and /ə/. Present. Thus, there is two syllables.

The word book has only one syllable.  

The word date has only one syllable. It’s tricky, because there are two vowel letters. But if you listen carefully you’ll hear there is only one vowel sound, /eɪ/ date. The ‘e’ is silent.

And in the word my there is only one syllable. Even though there is only consonants in this word, there is still a vowel sound. The ‘y’ makes the vowel sound, /aɪ/ my.

How many syllables does the word apple have? Two.

How many syllables does the word banana have? Three.

What about beautiful? Three.

And economical? Five.

Great!

Notice that I’m saying ba-NA-na, not ba-na-na.

Not all syllables are equal!

If there is only one syllable in the word, then of course, it will be the stressed syllable.

If there is more than one syllable in the word, then there will be one syllable that is stronger, clearer and bolder than the others. The pronunciation of that syllable is clearer.

Here are a few more examples:

PERfect /ˈpɜːfɪkt/

Can you hear how the first syllable is clearer and stronger than the second? /pɜː/ /pɜː/

The second syllable is /fɪkt/ /fɪkt/

Perfect.

So the first syllable is definitely stronger.

It’s been a perfect day.

See if you can guess which syllable in each of these words is the strongest:

BEAU-ti-ful /ˈbjuːtəf(ə)l/

The first syllable is the strongest syllable.

What a beautiful sunset.

We use this stress to add emphasis to our sentences as well. Especially with adjectives.  

It’s a beautiful sunset. That’s a beautiful dress.

ri-DI-cu-lous /rɪˈdɪkjʊləs/

The second syllable is the stressed syllable.

Which syllable is stressed?

I can’t wear that! I’ll look ridiculous!

En-thu-siA-stic /ɪnˌθjuːziˈæstɪk/ It’s the fourth syllable.

We were really enthusiastic about the idea, until we found out how much it will cost!

So, how do you know which syllable to stress?

Unfortunately, there is no simple rule that you can follow.

But, there is an easy way that you can found out this information!

When you’re looking up a new word in a dictionary, you’ll see the phonetic script next to that word.

It will tell you what syllable to stress and it will be marked like this.

You can see it marked like this:

Complicated  /ˈkɒmplɪˌkeɪtɪd/

Economical   /ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk(ə)l/

Intelligent  /ɪnˈtelɪdʒ(ə)nt/

Of course you can also listen to the pronunciation if you are using your online dictionary.

Some longer words will also have a secondary stress. But the strongest stress, the main stress is this symbol.

Complicated  /ˈkɒmplɪˌkeɪtɪd/

Economical   /ˌiːkəˈnɒmɪk(ə)l/

So, what do you need to remember? There is always one main syllable in word that is stressed. It’s stronger than the others. Pronouncing it incorrectly can be confusing….

Present (noun) / present (verb)

Object (noun) / object (verb)

Contract (noun) / contract (verb)

Learning to push down on the strongest syllable will help you to add emphasis to your speech and your pronunciation. It will help you to sound more sincere, more interesting and natural.

I really like it.

Your home is beautiful.

What a perfect afternoon.

Speaking English clearly and confidently is about more than just pronunciation of sounds. Words stress and syllable stress are just as important.

I hope that you enjoyed that lesson and you don’t have to stop now. There is heaps more videos available on my YouTube channel. Come and say “Hi” on my Facebook page or go visit my website at mmmEnglish.com to find out more about my online courses.

Thanks for watching and I’ll see you next time. Bye for now!

mmmEnglish Video Lessons are a series of video lessons created to build confidence in English learners and focus on English in daily life. Download them and watch them anywhere! Subscribe to my YouTube Channel to be the first to get my new videos, and come and say hi on my Facebook page!!